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Content about health and medicine

April 22, 2015

Heart failure (HF) is a disease experienced globally by 26 million people. A new EU-funded project will monitor breath, saliva, and other symptoms of HF and send smartphone alerts to HF patients every time they find themselves in a critical situation.

April 15, 2015

Buying a supercomputer can be a tough sell for administrators to make. A study by Clemson University researchers may change the argument.

April 15, 2015

Cancer researchers at the University of Oslo are using the Abel supercomputer to detect which parts of the genetic code may cause bowel and prostate cancer.

April 8, 2015

Using the Oakley supercomputer and a very small, frozen tuning fork, Joseph Heremans is rewriting our science textbooks. His computational research team has discovered that phonons — sound and heat particles — yield to magnetic fields.

April 8, 2015

They’re only 1/100th the width of a human hair, but these little sensors are kind of a big deal. Dubbed geometrically encoded magnetic sensors (GEMs), they have the ability to change shape once inside human tissue – and they provide greater accuracy than current technology.

April 1, 2015

Renowned computational biologist Klaus Schulten used the supercomputers at the Texas Advance Computing Center and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications to model the binding force of proteins found in cow stomachs. What he discovered may lead us to cheaper biofuel production.

March 25, 2015

 

Big data opens doors previously closed to researchers, yet the volume of data sends scientists looking for analytical tools to bring order from the informational cacophony. Prior to tools like Bioconductor, there were few options for working with quantitative data types; a discordant score for deciphering the human genetic code was the result.

Today, genomic analysis machines create a common language for users, and build a worldwide community to foster developers from among subject matter experts. These instruments make beautiful music from a mass of genomic information.

February 18, 2015

UC San Diego School of Medicine scientists have teamed up with Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center engineers to create 3D models of enzymes that cause inflammation. What they've learned could bring relief to victims of asthma and arthritis.

 

February 11, 2015

Scientists at the University of Rochester, in New York, US, have enlisted XSEDE supercomputers in quest to conquer breast cancer. Their analyses will improve diagnostic equipment and point the way to quicker diagnoses.

October 29, 2014

Physicists can tell the future — or at least foresee multiple possible versions of it. They do this through computer simulations. Simulations can help scientists predict what will happen when a particular kind of particle hits a particular kind of material in a particle detector. But physicists are not the only scientists interested in predicting how particles and other matter will interact. This information is critical in multiple fields, especially those concerned about the effects of radiation. Physicists and other scientists use the GEANT4 toolkit to identify problems before they occur.

October 22, 2014

Video and front-page image courtesy AFRICA BUILD.

September 10, 2014

The latest European Grid Infrastructure case study describes how researchers in The Netherlands have used the e-BioInfra Gateway to analyze brain scans from NATO soldiers deployed to Afghanistan. The team discovered that combat stress impairs cognition by affecting the midbrain and its link with the prefrontal cortex. While this effect was found to be largely reversible, it is thought that it could have an impact on the soldiers’ future social and cognitive functions.

July 2, 2014

Last week, iSGTW attended the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC’14) in Leipzig, Germany. The event featured a range of speakers representing a wide variety of research domains. Awards given by PRACE and Germany’s Gauss Centre for Supercomputing highlighted some of the outstanding research on show at the event. And, of course, the new TOP500 list of the world’s fastest supercomputers was announced.

June 18, 2014

Last week, over 1,600 delegates from across the globe gathered in Geneva, Switzerland, for 'the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) +10 High-Level Event'. A major report published at the event indicates that significant progress has been made over the last decade in increasing mobile cellular coverage, with all rural communities in the world likely to be covered by 2G mobile cellular signals by 2015. However, internet connectivity remains a challenge and access to broadband continues to be unequal.

June 4, 2014

Thanks to high-quality video links that have just become available over the Central Asia Research and Education Network (CAREN), cardiologists from Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan were recently able to take part in a conference remotely from the comfort of their hospital offices.

May 7, 2014

Urban regions around the world are aiming to offer a more efficient, sustainable, and better quality life for their citizens. ICT plays a substantial role in achieving these aims and thus in meeting the growing demand for smarter and more efficient cities.

April 30, 2014

Video and caption courtesy neuGRID4you communication team.

April 23, 2014

Researchers are using PRACE supercomputing resources to tackle the seasonal flu bug. By modeling the process through which viruses insert their genetic material into our cells, they hope to further development of vaccines.

January 29, 2014

Keith Cover of VU University Medical Centre explains how the computing power of the grid has been used to process thousands of MRI scans from patients with Alzheimer’s, opening the way to better evaluation of biomarkers for this disease in the future.

Cover and his team used open-source software to run analyses of brain imaging scans, in order to track volume changes caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Now the power of the grid has been used to test the accuracy of several software packages on a massive scale.

November 27, 2013

Discover how the Brazilian National Research and Education Network is using ultra-high definition video footage of surgical procedures to help train health professionals across the country. This 'telemedicine' technology also enables remote monitoring of patients, as well as remote consultation and diagnosis.

November 20, 2013

Scientists from across the globe met in Switzerland last month for the launch of the Human Brain Project. However, building a computer to simulate the human brain is no easy task: in each cubic millimeter of brain tissue there are around 100,000 neurons, and each one makes contact with around 10,000 other neurons. Markus Diesmann, from Germany’s Jülich Research Centre, provides insight into the complexities surrounding this epic undertaking. He speaks about his work on simulating a circuit of the whole-brain network and discusses how specialized software can help represent the neurons and synapses of the full circuit. 

October 30, 2013

This week, iSGTW has been at the EUDAT Second Conference in Rome, Italy. EUDAT seeks to support a collaborative data infrastructure which will allow researchers to share data within and between communities and enable them to carry out their research effectively. Read our exclusive interviews with two of the events' most exciting speakers.

October 9, 2013

Ewan Birney, associate director of the European Bioinformatics Institute, says that biology has now transformed to become a 'big-data science'. Ahead of his keynote talk at this month’s EUDAT 2nd conference, he explains that the field faces both what he terms 'blue-' and 'white-collar problems' in handling this data deluge.

Plus, could DNA really be the future of data storage? Birney believes it could be. "DNA is remarkable," he says. "Just one gram of DNA can store about a petabyte’s worth of data… it's estimated that you could put the whole internet into the size of a van!"

October 2, 2013

Last week, ISC Cloud ’13 was held in Heidelberg, Germany. Delegates at the event agreed on the importance of supporting research with ‘utility computing’ models, whereby cloud-based, on-demand HPC services are used ad hoc to support in-house computing resources at times of heavy demand. Also, example use cases of HPC in the cloud were given and the importance of training was discussed.

September 25, 2013

With the 2nd EUDAT conference now just one month away, iSGTW speaks in depth to Richard Frackowiak, who will be giving the event’s opening keynote speech. Frackowiak is heavily involved in the EU's flagship Human Brain Project. He discusses the implications of this project for the future of computing and explains how big data is revolutionizing medicine.