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Content about health and medicine

October 22, 2014

Video and front-page image courtesy AFRICA BUILD.

September 10, 2014

The latest European Grid Infrastructure case study describes how researchers in The Netherlands have used the e-BioInfra Gateway to analyze brain scans from NATO soldiers deployed to Afghanistan. The team discovered that combat stress impairs cognition by affecting the midbrain and its link with the prefrontal cortex. While this effect was found to be largely reversible, it is thought that it could have an impact on the soldiers’ future social and cognitive functions.

July 2, 2014

Last week, iSGTW attended the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC’14) in Leipzig, Germany. The event featured a range of speakers representing a wide variety of research domains. Awards given by PRACE and Germany’s Gauss Centre for Supercomputing highlighted some of the outstanding research on show at the event. And, of course, the new TOP500 list of the world’s fastest supercomputers was announced.

June 18, 2014

Last week, over 1,600 delegates from across the globe gathered in Geneva, Switzerland, for 'the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) +10 High-Level Event'. A major report published at the event indicates that significant progress has been made over the last decade in increasing mobile cellular coverage, with all rural communities in the world likely to be covered by 2G mobile cellular signals by 2015. However, internet connectivity remains a challenge and access to broadband continues to be unequal.

June 4, 2014

Thanks to high-quality video links that have just become available over the Central Asia Research and Education Network (CAREN), cardiologists from Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan were recently able to take part in a conference remotely from the comfort of their hospital offices.

May 7, 2014

Urban regions around the world are aiming to offer a more efficient, sustainable, and better quality life for their citizens. ICT plays a substantial role in achieving these aims and thus in meeting the growing demand for smarter and more efficient cities.

April 30, 2014

Video and caption courtesy neuGRID4you communication team.

April 23, 2014

Researchers are using PRACE supercomputing resources to tackle the seasonal flu bug. By modeling the process through which viruses insert their genetic material into our cells, they hope to further development of vaccines.

January 29, 2014

Keith Cover of VU University Medical Centre explains how the computing power of the grid has been used to process thousands of MRI scans from patients with Alzheimer’s, opening the way to better evaluation of biomarkers for this disease in the future.

Cover and his team used open-source software to run analyses of brain imaging scans, in order to track volume changes caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Now the power of the grid has been used to test the accuracy of several software packages on a massive scale.

November 27, 2013

Discover how the Brazilian National Research and Education Network is using ultra-high definition video footage of surgical procedures to help train health professionals across the country. This 'telemedicine' technology also enables remote monitoring of patients, as well as remote consultation and diagnosis.

November 20, 2013

Scientists from across the globe met in Switzerland last month for the launch of the Human Brain Project. However, building a computer to simulate the human brain is no easy task: in each cubic millimeter of brain tissue there are around 100,000 neurons, and each one makes contact with around 10,000 other neurons. Markus Diesmann, from Germany’s Jülich Research Centre, provides insight into the complexities surrounding this epic undertaking. He speaks about his work on simulating a circuit of the whole-brain network and discusses how specialized software can help represent the neurons and synapses of the full circuit. 

October 30, 2013

This week, iSGTW has been at the EUDAT Second Conference in Rome, Italy. EUDAT seeks to support a collaborative data infrastructure which will allow researchers to share data within and between communities and enable them to carry out their research effectively. Read our exclusive interviews with two of the events' most exciting speakers.

October 9, 2013

Ewan Birney, associate director of the European Bioinformatics Institute, says that biology has now transformed to become a 'big-data science'. Ahead of his keynote talk at this month’s EUDAT 2nd conference, he explains that the field faces both what he terms 'blue-' and 'white-collar problems' in handling this data deluge.

Plus, could DNA really be the future of data storage? Birney believes it could be. "DNA is remarkable," he says. "Just one gram of DNA can store about a petabyte’s worth of data… it's estimated that you could put the whole internet into the size of a van!"

October 2, 2013

Last week, ISC Cloud ’13 was held in Heidelberg, Germany. Delegates at the event agreed on the importance of supporting research with ‘utility computing’ models, whereby cloud-based, on-demand HPC services are used ad hoc to support in-house computing resources at times of heavy demand. Also, example use cases of HPC in the cloud were given and the importance of training was discussed.

September 25, 2013

With the 2nd EUDAT conference now just one month away, iSGTW speaks in depth to Richard Frackowiak, who will be giving the event’s opening keynote speech. Frackowiak is heavily involved in the EU's flagship Human Brain Project. He discusses the implications of this project for the future of computing and explains how big data is revolutionizing medicine.

July 24, 2013

A beginner's guide to SAXS. Video courtesy WeNMR/Spronk 3D.

June 19, 2013

Horizon 2020, the European Commission’s next funding cycle, is set to launch in January 2014. With less than a year to go, you may be wondering: what is Horizon 2020? What makes it different to the frameworks that preceded it? And what are the implications, both for the e-infrastructure projects themselves and the researchers who benefit from them? e-Science Briefing’s Stefan Janusz gives an overview of the road ahead...

June 12, 2013

In the fight against HIV, better understanding of the structure of the virus could lead to new antiretroviral drugs. University of Illinois researchers recently used molecular simulations on the Blue Waters supercomputer to determine the chemical structure of the HIV capsid, which plays a key role in debilitating the immune system.

 

June 12, 2013

The EU-funded MyHealthAvatar project is testing the idea of a Europe-wide network of health avatars for each individual citizen. Each avatar will be a web-based data depository containing a full record of that individual’s health status. The project aims to collect and provide access to a combination of data sources, simulations models, data-mining techniques, organ systems, and space-time scales. 

June 5, 2013

Rossen Apostolov will be discussing some of the lessons learned from the ScalaLife project at ISC'13 in Leipzig next month. Since 2011, the EU-funded ScalaLife project has been working to help enhance the models used by life scientists.

May 29, 2013

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, US, are building causal network models of activity in the human brain by measuring magnetic fields. Read about the unique challenges they face and how high throughput computing is enabling their research.

 

May 22, 2013

The Human Brain project made headlines earlier this year as one of two EU flagship projects that won 1 billion euros' worth of funding over the next decade. Nages Sieslack interviews project leader Henry Markram ahead of his keynote speech at this year's ISC'13 event in Leipzig, Germany.

May 15, 2013

At TedxCERN, 18-year-old Florida high school student and Google Science Fair Winner, Brittany Wenger, explained how she built a neural network to help tackle breast cancer.

April 24, 2013

A chemical treatment that turns whole organs transparent, offers instant advances in the field of ‘connectomics’ — the push to map the brain’s wiring. Read about CLARITY, devised by Karl Deisseroth and his team at Stanford University in California, US.

April 10, 2013

The University of Texas at Austin and TACC competed against the top supercomputing centers and universities to claim one of the most advanced systems in the world — and won. The prize, an estimated $50 million-plus investment over a four-year period.